Fire is by far the greatest threat to the welfare of the Forest.  Frequently, arson is severely affecting the ability of the flora and fauna to recuperate and successfully reproduce.  Fire is damaging the bases of many large, hollow-bearing old growth trees which crash to the ground destroying valuable life supporting nooks, crannies, nests and homes for our precious wildlife.
Hollow-dependant wildlife such as gliders, birds, bats and possums are declining in numbers as a result.

The weed problem in Karawatha needs vigilant monitoring as small patches can quickly get out of control and create severe problems.  Weeds are introduced by humans as well as birds.  Importation of soils from areas outside the Forest to assist in rehabilitation programs need strict supervision.

Mammals such as foxes, cats, dogs, and other animals such as the Mosquito Fish (Gamboosia) and Cane Toads, pose a threat to the native wildlife.  Forest neighbours are encouraged to practice responsible pet ownership.